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Cattedrale San Martino, Lucca, Italy

Architect: Guido Bigarelli

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Construction of the Romanesque Cathedral of St Martin in Lucca, Italy, was begun in 1063 by Bishop Anselm, later Pope Alexander II. Of this structure, the great apse with its tall columnar arcades and the fine campanile remain. The nave and transepts having been rebuilt in the Gothic style in the 14th century, while the west front was begun in 1204 by “Guidetto” (Guido Bigarelli of Como), and consists of a vast portico of three magnificent arches, and above them three ranges of open galleries enriched with sculpture.