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1773 – Newgate Gaol, Dublin

Architect: Thomas Cooley

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Between 1773 and 1781, a new prison designed by Thomas Cooley was built to replace the earlier, semi-ruined prison near Christ Church Cathedral. This was originally one of the city gates, hence the derivation of its name. After the move to the new building, the authorities officially retained the old name – Newgate/. Conditions were widely accepted to be terrible, with overcrowding and sewage problem plaguing the building. The prison finally closed in 1863, from which time until its demolition in 1893 it was used as a fruit and vegetable market. The remains of some of the corner bastions are visible at St. Michan’s Park.