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Architecture of Scotland

02 September 2009

1807 – Nelson Monument, Calton Hill, Edinburgh

Architect: Robert Burn Designed shortly after the Battle of Trafalgar, the stone tower has some excellent views of the city. The castellated base was added 1814-16 to the design of Thomas Bonnar.

02 September 2009

1818 – City Observatory, Calton Hill, Edinburgh

Architect: William Playfair The third design for this Observatory, the original building (centre of photograph) is a small cruciform classical temple with a central telescope and dome. The architect William Playfair acquired the...

02 September 2009

1823 – Melville Monument, Edinburgh

Architect: William Burn Built in 1823, the Melville Monument is a 41 metre high tribute to Henry Dundas, Viscount Melville. Described as the most powerful scot of his time and described as “absolute...

07 November 2012

1826 – Royal Scottish Academy, Edinburgh, Scotland

Architect: William Henry Playfair Originally constructed between 1824-26, the Royal Institution (as it was until 1911) was extended in the 1830s to create the building we see today. The Egyptian sphinxes on the...

02 September 2009

1829 – National Monument, Calton Hill, Edinburgh

Architect: Charles Robert Cockerell The National Monument was built as an act of deliberate folly and contrary to popular lore was not the result of lack of funds. Built as a National Monument...

02 September 2009

1833 – St Giles Cathedral, Edinburgh

St Giles’ Cathedral, the High Kirk of Edinburgh, with its distinctive open crown steeple supported by eight flying buttresses mainly dates from the fifteenth century. Between 1829 and 1833 the building was “modernised”...

14 May 2012

1834 – Crichton Royal Asylum, Dumfries, Scotland

Architect: William Burn Designed with two central octagonal towers from which wings for the patients extended, Burns work at Crichton was a very ambitious project that was ultimately not completed. Only one of...

02 September 2009

1835 – St Mark’s Unitarian Church, Edinburgh

Architect: David Bryce A fine facade with tall roundheaded windows masks a good galleried interior with cast iron columns.

14 February 2012

1843 – Glasgow Royal Asylum, Gartnavel, Scotland

Architect: Charles Wilson An unusual design in Tudor Gothic, built in 1842-43, with the chapel completed in 1904. Initially built to hold 420 patients and later extended. Each range was U-shaped with the...