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Architecture of France

01 December 2009

1330 – Notre Dame Cathedral, Paris

Sited on an island in the middle of the river Seine, the Cathedral of Notre Dame is an imposing Gothic building. Construction began in 1163 and continued until 1330. With its two towers...

01 December 2009

1674 – Hôtel des Invalides, Paris

Architect: Libéral Bruant / Jules Hardouin-Mansart This massive building was built as a convalescence home for disabled war veterans. In total it has 17 courtyards and 11 kilometres of corridors in a building...

01 December 2009

1977 – Centre Pompidou, Paris

Architect: Richard Rogers & Renzo Piano The design for the Centre Nationale d’Art et de Culture Georges Pompidou was selected after a competition in 1971. The winners were the young practice of, and...

01 December 2009

1875 – Théâtre National de l’Opéra, Paris

Architect: Charles Garnier This is the thirteenth building to house the Paris Opera since the Opera was founded in 1669. Constructed as part of the great building programme which included the great boulevards...

01 December 2009

1987 – Institut du Monde Arabe, Paris

Architect: Jean Nouvel Built as a cultural centre for the Arab world, the Institut du Monde Arabe consists of two main blocks. The curved building faces the river and has engraved outlines of...

25 November 2009

1764 – Pantheon, Paris

Architect: Jacques Germain Soufflot The plans for this massive church were drawn up in 1757, and work started in 1764, but the building was not finished until 1800. The exterior of the cupola...

25 November 2009

1923 – Samaritaine Department Store, Paris

Architect: Franz Jourdain & Henri Sauvage A magnificent department store on the banks of the Seine that includes several buildings on a couple of streets. A richly decorated cast iron interior with many...

25 November 2009

1919 – Basilique du Sacré-Coeur, Paris

Architect: Paul Abadie Jr Probably the best site for a building in Paris, the Basilique du Sacré-Coeur can be seen from most parts of the city because of its height and gleaming white...

25 November 2009

1836 – Arc de Triomphe, Paris

Architect: Jean François Thérèse Chalgrin 50 metres high and 45 metres wide, the Arc de Triomphe sits at the junction of twelve streets as a monument to the glory of the French Army....