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gaols

27 February 2014

1789 – City Gaol and County Court House, Merchant’s Quay, Limerick

Architect: William Blackburn Demolished in 1988 to facilitate the construction of the new City Council headquarters. Blackburn was a London architect and pioneer of radial planning in prison design. According to Lewis, “The...

01 March 2013

1846 – Old County Gaol, Wexford, Co. Wexford

The most striking element of the Old County Gaol is the curiously flat almost cardboard cut outcut-like entrance constructed in 1846. It is built of random squared rubble red sandstone and capped by...

28 August 2012

1816 – Richmond General Penitentiary, Dublin

Architect: Francis Johnston Designed as an alternative to transportation, the Richmond General Penitentiary was part of an experiment into a penitentiary system which also involved Millbank Penitentiary, London. They were the first prisons...

07 May 2012

1775 – The Marshalsea, Dublin

Built near the rear of Bridgefoot Street and Bonham Street to replace an earlier Marshalsea between Christ Church Cathedral amd Wood Quay. The Marshalsea was a debtors prison allowing debtors along with their...

26 January 2012

1857 – Oldmill Reformatory School for Boys, Aberdeen, Scotland

Architect: James Matthews Oldmill was an Aberdeen reformatory set up in 1857 and occupied by about 150 boys. Closed in 1898. A reformatory was something like a school and a prison for boys....

26 January 2012

1802 – West Prison, Aberdeen, Scotland

Architect: Aberdeen’s Bridewell opened 1802 and was demolished around 1868. An impressive stone gateway to the Bridewell prison stood until 1883 when it was demolished.

24 January 2012

1852 – Holloway Prison, London

Architect: James Bunstone Bunning Originally constructed by the City of London at a cost of £92,650. Holloway was opened in 1852 as a mixed prison, but due to growing demand for space for...

12 January 2012

1843 – New County Prison, Philadelphia

Architect: “Prison de Comte a Philadelphie” (demolished in 1968) published in a volume of L’Univers, Paris, about 1843.

14 December 2011

1773 – Newgate Gaol, Dublin

Architect: Thomas Cooley Between 1773 and 1781, a new prison designed by Thomas Cooley was built to replace the earlier, semi-ruined prison near Christ Church Cathedral. This was originally one of the city...

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